Wednesday, September 7, 2011

IBM Chips Emulate The Human Brain

"Imagine traffic lights that can integrate sights, sounds and smells and flag unsafe intersections before disaster happens or imagine cognitive co-processors that turn servers, laptops, tablets, and phones into machines that can interact better with their environments.Future applications of computing will increasingly demand functionality that is not efficiently delivered by the traditional architecture."

"IBM unveiled a new class of experimental computer chips that are designed to emulate the human brain's abilities for perception, action and cognition. According to the company, "The technology could yield many orders of magnitude less power consumption and space than used in today's computers." Utilizing advanced algorithms and silicon circuitry, the two prototype "neurosynaptic computing chips" are said to recreate the phenomena that takes place between spiking neurons and synapses in biological systems. The idea is that such chips would be used in "cognitive computers," which would learn through experiences - like the human brain - rather than simply being programmed.

"The goal of SyNAPSE is to create a system that not only analyzes complex information from multiple sensory modalities at once, but also dynamically rewires itself as it interacts with its environment - all while rivaling the brain's compact size and low power usage." The chips contain no biological components.IBM hopes to produce a chip system featuring ten billion neurons and hundred trillion synapses, that would consume one kilowatt of power and have a volume of less than two liters (0.5 U.S. gallons).

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